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Rabu, 19 Mei 2010

Akronim Komputer Yang Wajib Anda Tahu

Meski anda hanya sebagai “end user” atau user biasa, yang hanya berperan sebagai pengguna komputer saja, ada baiknya anda ketahui sedikit tentang akronim-akronim di bidang per-komputeran. Hingga bila suatu saat anda mengalami masalah dengan komputer yang anda pakai, anda bisa sedikit tahu apa dan bagaimana masalah yang sedang anda hadapi. Selain itu, dengan mengetahui beberapa akronim komputer, paling tidak anda bisa mencegah dari tindakan penipuan yang kemungkinan terjadi karena ketidaktahuan anda tentang istilah-istilah umum di bidang komputer.

Jangan sampai, pas Anda ditanya : ”Apakah motherboard komputer anda punya slot AGP?” anda hanya terdiam membisu, karena sedikitpun anda tidak tahu apakah itu AGP? Padahal anda mengaku sudah 5 lima tahun punya komputer???

--- A ---

  • ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  • AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port
  • ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated
  • ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit
  • AMD - Advanced Micro Devices
  • APC - American Power Conversion
  • ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit
  • ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
  • AT - Advanced Technology
  • ATI - ATI Technologies Inc.
  • ATX - Advanced Technology Extended

--- B ---

  • BFG - BFG Technologies
  • BIOS - Basic Input Output System
  • BNC - Barrel Nut Connector

--- C ---

  • CAS - Column Address Signal
  • CD - Compact Disk
  • CDR - Compact Disk Recorder
  • CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer
  • CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory
  • CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute
  • CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
  • CPU - Central Processing Unit
  • CTX - CTX Technology Corporation (Commited to Excellence)

--- D ---

  • DDR - Double Data Rate
  • DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • DFI - DFI Inc. (Design for Innovation)
  • DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module
  • DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • DPI - Dots Per Inch
  • DSL - See ASDL
  • DVD - Digital Versatile Disc
  • DVD-RAM - Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory

--- E ---

  • ECC - Error Correction Code
  • ECS - Elitegroup Computer Systems
  • EDO - Extended Data Out
  • EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
  • EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
  • EVGA - EVGA Corporation

--- F ---

  • FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
  • FDC - Floppy Disk Controller
  • FDD - Floppy Disk Drive
  • FPS - Frame Per Second
  • FPU - Floating Point Unit
  • FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
  • FS - For Sale
  • FSB - Front Side Bus

--- G ---

  • GB - Gigabytes
  • GBps - Gigabytes per second or Gigabits per second
  • GDI - Graphical Device Interface
  • GHz - GigaHertz

--- H ---

  • HDD - Hard Disk Drive
  • HIS - Hightech Information System Limited
  • HP - Hewlett-Packard Development Company
  • HSF - Heatsink-Fan

--- I ---

  • IBM - International Business Machines Corporation
  • IC - Integrated Circuit
  • IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
  • IFS- Item for Sale
  • IRQ - Interrupt Request
  • ISA - Industry Standard Architecture
  • ISO - International Standards Organization

--- J ---

  • JBL - JBL (Jame B. Lansing) Speakers
  • JVC - JVC Company of America

- K ---

  • Kbps - Kilobits Per Second
  • KBps - KiloBytes per second

--- L ---

  • LG - LG Electronics
  • LAN - Local Area Network
  • LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
  • LDT - Lightning Data Transport
  • LED - Light Emitting Diode

--- M ---

  • MAC - Media Access Control
  • MB - MotherBoard or Megabyte
  • MBps - Megabytes Per Second
  • Mbps - Megabits Per Second or Megabits Per Second
  • MHz - MegaHertz
  • MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second
  • MMX - Multi-Media Extensions
  • MSI - Micro Star International

--- N ---

  • NAS - Network Attached Storage
  • NAT - Network Address Translation
  • NEC - NEC Corporation
  • NIC - Network Interface Card

--- O ---

  • OC - Overclock (Over Clock)
  • OCZ - OCZ Technology
  • OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer

--- P ---

  • PC - Personal Computer
  • PCB - Printed Circuit Board
  • PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
  • PDA - Personal Digital Assistant
  • PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
  • PGA - Professional Graphics Array
  • PLD - Programmable Logic Device
  • PM - Private Message / Private Messaging
  • PnP - Plug 'n Play
  • PNY - PNY Technology
  • POST - Power On Self Test
  • PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
  • PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
  • PQI - PQI Corporation
  • PSU - Power Supply Unit

--- R ---

  • RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
  • RAM - Random Access Memory
  • RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
  • RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • ROM - Read Only Memory
  • RPM - Revolutions Per Minute

--- S ---

  • SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
  • SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically
  • SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
  • SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector
  • SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
  • SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture
  • SOHO - Small Office Home Office
  • SRAM - Static Random Access Memory
  • SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions
  • SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array
  • S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface

--- T ---

  • TB - Terabytes
  • TBps - Terabytes per second
  • Tbps - Terabits per second
  • TDK - TDK Electronics
  • TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler
  • TPC - TipidPC
  • TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name

--- U ---

  • UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
  • USB - Universal Serial Bus
  • UTP - Unshieled Twisted Pair

--- V ---

  • VCD - Video CD
  • VPN - Virtual Private Network

--- W ---

  • WAN - Wide Area Network
  • WTB - Want to Buy
  • WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get

--- X ---

  • XGA - Extended Graphics Array
  • XFX - XFX Graphics, a Division of Pine
  • XMS - Extended Memory Specification
  • XT - Extended Technology

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